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Pacific Nius - USP Journalism Programme
Commentary: DARK DAY REMINDERS

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By Patrick Craddock
© USP Journalism Programme

SUVA: It's two months to the day since George Speight, semi-indigenous
failed businessman, pyramid scheme seller and terrorist, stormed into
the Parliament grounds of Suva taking the democratically leaders of
government as hostages.

Last week they were freed. Speight gloated as he achieved most of his
goals - the resignation of the President Sir Kamisese Mara, the
abrogation of the new Constitution, the resignation of a new interim
government.

He proved beyond all reasonable doubt that the Fiji army was composed of
loyal soldiers, traitors and possibly a large number of cowards who
would not fire on their own citizens.

Police stood by while their city was looted and burned. The police chief
departed overseas.

Villagers took guns away from solders, raided their armories, stole
weapons, seized military posts, and aligned themselves with local chiefs
who publicly declared they were Speight supporters.

The army placed a military guard over the Monosavu Dam electrical power
station, which supplies around ninety per cent of the electric power to
the country. A small group of villagers armed with sharp bamboo spears
and rhetoric disarmed the soldiers. They switched off Fiji's power
supply.

Two weeks later the country is still experiencing power cuts despite
repeated rhetoric from the military that this part of the crisis is
being resolved.

At the University of the South Pacific electrical power is switched off
at ten in the morn, on again at noon, off at two o'clock and on again at
four o'clock. Work output is at a low level.

The main activity of the day is for the few working staff to remember to
switch off their computers off before the power cuts causing them to
crash.

Academics sitting in their offices are having problems trying to assess
whether they should pass or fail students who had their first semester
studies arrested by the terrorist gang. The university is still trying
to get itself back into gear, but it is being out-maneuvered by events.

The first semester was restarted, failed to start, exams were set, and
the exams cancelled by a shoot-out between Speight and the army.
Vijay a young student found out his examination canceled one hour before
he was due to attend the examination centre. He listened to the radio to
find out that Speight had spited him. He still has to sit the
examination.

There are no allowances for his stress factor. Today Vijay listens to
the radio.

Dr. Mitchell, a local GP is speaking about increasing number of migraine
patients visiting the clinic. Most of them are young people of Vijay's
age or a little older.

The morning news brings another shock to his young system. The new
President is supposed to swear in the new government, the second within
a fortnight. It is arranged with due pomp and ceremony that goes with
such occasions.

But the Speight nominees failed to arrive at the swearing in, and so do
a few other nominees.

Five minutes before the ceremony is due to begin it is announced that
the President is indisposed. That's the official story. Insider
information gives a different story. How could a new President swear in
only part of a new government? There would be a considerable loss of
face.

Speight puts on a bolder face for his last day in the decaying
parliamentary grounds. He denounces the proposed government.

A car is burnt outside the Parliament complex. Eight cars inside the
complex are set alight during the time the government swearing in
ceremony is scheduled to take place.

One story coming out of the Parliament grounds (unconfirmed) is that
before the first car is set alight, it is draped in a traditional masi
cloth. The systematic burning of vehicles continues during the time when
the government swearing in ceremony is supposed to take place.

Later that day Speight and his large band of followers leave the complex
and drive to an area outside Suva.

A local chief invites them to a feast. On the way the hungry supporters
stop at a local market and steal fish and vegetables from the indigenous
people.

Speight has had a splendid week. A terrorist who died after a shoot out
was buried in the Parliament grounds.

Speight gave the authority for the burial. One radio station reports
that a Speight "soldier" has been buried and that all Fiji mourned his
death. Others are more cautious and talk of a
Speight "supporter" being buried and a large crowd of mourners.
Speight must surely have laughed as he walked out of the Parliament with
an amnesty for himself and the army traitors who supported him.

The army officers retained their commissions and went back to normal
duties. Speight then flouted the military Immunity Decree with the
burning of a number of vehicles in defiance "Decree Number 18 of 2000",
which says:

"(3) Subject to section (4), this Decree does not extend to any other
person who committed an offence under any law within and outside the
Parliament Complex between the 19th day of May, 2000 and the 13th day of
July, 2000 in respect of any act done without the directions, orders or
instructions of George Speight or any member of the Taukei Civilian
Government."

As this dismal day moves to its end an army spokesperson, Major Politini
expresses disappointment with Speight's actions. His words surely
reflect the view of this disturbed nation, and their own deep
"disappointment" with the lack of leadership in the Fijian army, the
police and the Great Council of Chiefs who failed or were too frightened
to stop the triumphal march of George's burning of democracy as he left
for his feast and thanksgiving ceremony.

But the final gesture for the day goes to former Prime Minister Mahendra
Chaudhry who announces plans to set up a government in exile.

It will be in the West of the country. This is the area, which has shown
the least support for Speight and his terrorists. It is also the richest
part of Fiji with the sugar cane fields, a gold mine and what was once a
flourishing tourist industry.

Two Fijian members of his coalition are expected to hold the ranks of
Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister in exile. Chaudhry is named as
Finance Minister. This government in exile will surely get recognition,
survival and development money from Australia and New Zealand.

It looks like being a powerful force.

There will be plenty of talk about money and lack of it during the next
few weeks. The headline in the Fiji Times says "Civil servants face
massive pay cut".

The small print talks of a 12.5 percent cut starting on August 1. Do we
say Bula Fiji or Isa Lei?

+++niuswire

Title -- 2848 FIJI: Commentary: Dark day reminders
Date -- 20 July 2000
Byline -- Patrick Craddock
Origin -- Pasifik Nius
Source -- Pasifik Nius, USP, 19/7/00
Copyright -- USP Journalism
Status -- Unabridged
-------------------
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last revision July 21, 2000